Sabtu, 30 Januari 2010

Download Evanesence Albums












Origin (2000)
American
rock

Track listing
1. "Origin" - 0:35
2. "Whisper" (Origin version) - 3:56
3. "Imaginary" (Origin version) - 3:31
4. "My Immortal" (Origin version) - 4:26
5. "Where Will You Go" (Origin version) - 3:47
6. "Field of Innocence" - 5:13
7. "Even in Death" - 4:09
8. "Anywhere" - 6:03
9. "Lies" - 3:49
10. "Away from Me" - 3:30
11. "Eternal" (Instrumental) - 7:22

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The Open Door (2006)
American
rock

Track listing
1. "Sweet Sacrifice" - 3:05
2. "Call Me When You're Sober" - 3:34
3. "Weight of the World" - 3:37
4. "Lithium" - 3:44
5. "Cloud Nine" - 4:22
6. "Snow White Queen" - 4:22
7. "Lacrymosa" - 3:37
8. "Like You" - 4:16
9. "Lose Control" - 4:50
10. "The Only One" - 4:40
11. "Your Star" - 4:43
12. "All That I'm Living For" - 3:48
13. "Good Enough" - 5:31

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Kamis, 28 Januari 2010

Download Dream Theater Albums












When Dream and Day Unite (1989)
American
progressive metal

Track listing
1. "A Fortune in Lies" - 5:12
2. "Status Seeker" - 4:15
3. "The Ytse Jam"(instrumental) - 5:43
4. "The Killing Hand" - 8:40
I. "The Observance"
II. "Ancient Renewal"
III. "The Stray Seed"
IV. "Thorns"
V. "Exodus"
5. "Light Fuse and Get Away" - 7:23
6. "Afterlife" - 5:27
7. "The Ones Who Help to Set the Sun" - 8:04
8. "Only a Matter of Time" - 6:35

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Images and Words (1992)
American
progressive metal

Track listing
1. "Pull Me Under" - 8:11
2. "Another Day" - 4:24
3. "Take the Time" - 8:21
4. "Surrounded" - 5:30
5. "Metropolis, Pt. I: The Miracle and the Sleeper" - 9:32
6. "Under a Glass Moon" - 7:04
7. "Wait for Sleep" - 2:32
8. "Learning to Live" - 11:31

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Awake (1994))
American
progressive metal


Track listing
1. "6:00" - 5:31
2. "Caught in a Web" - 5:28
3. "Innocence Faded" - 5:43
4. "A Mind Beside Itself: I. Erotomania" - 6:45
5. "A Mind Beside Itself: II. Voices" - 9:53
6. "A Mind Beside Itself: III. The Silent Man" - 3:48
7. "The Mirror" - 6:45
8. "Lie" - 6:34
9. "Lifting Shadows Off a Dream" - 6:05
10. "Scarred" - 11:00
11. "Space-Dye Vest" - 7:29

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Jumat, 22 Januari 2010

Download Children of Bodom Albums












Something Wild (1997)
Finnish
heavy metal

Track listing
1. "Deadnight Warrior" 3:22
2. "In The Shadows" 6:01
3. "Red Light In My Eyes (Part 1)" 4:28
4. "Red Light In My Eyes (Part 2)" 3:50
5. "Lake Bodom" 4:02
6. "The Nail" 6:18
7. "Touch Like Angel Of Death" 7:47

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Hatebreeder (1999)
Finnish
heavy metal

Track listing
1. "Warheart" 4:07
2. "Silent Night, Bodom Night" 3:12
3. "Hatebreeder" 4:20
4. "Bed of Razors" 3:56
5. "Towards Dead End" 4:53
6. "Black Widow" 3:58
7. "Wrath Within" 3:53
8. "Children of Bodom" 5:13
9. "Downfall" 4:33
10. "No Commands" 4:44
11. "Aces High" 4:2

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Download Iron Maiden Albums












Iron Maiden (1980)
English
heavy metal

Track listing
1. "Prowler" – 3:52
2. "Remember Tomorrow" – 5:27
3. "Running Free" – 3:14
4. "Phantom of the Opera" – 7:20
5. "Transylvania" – 4:19
6. "Strange World" – 5:40
7. "Sanctuary" – 3:14
8. "Charlotte the Harlot" – 4:10
9. "Iron Maiden" – 3:31

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Killers (1981)English
heavy metal

Track listing
1. "The Ides of March" – 1:45
2. "Wrathchild" – 2:54
3. "Murders in the Rue Morgue" – 4:19
4. "Another Life" – 3:22
5. "Genghis Khan" – 3:06
6. "Innocent Exile" – 3:53
7. "Killers" – 5:01
8. "Twilight Zone" – 2:34
9. "Prodigal Son" – 6:11
10. "Purgatory" – 3:21
11. "Drifter" – 4:48

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Download Cradle of Filth Albums












The Principle of Evil Made Flesh (1994)
English
Extreme metal 

Track listing
1. "Darkness Our Bride (Jugular Wedding)" – 2:00 [instrumental]
2. "The Principle of Evil Made Flesh" – 4:34
3. "The Forest Whispers My Name" – 5:06
4. "Iscariot" – 2:33 [instrumental]
5. "The Black Goddess Rises" – 6:48
6. "One Final Graven Kiss" – 2:15 [instrumental]
7. "A Crescendo of Passion Bleeding" – 5:30
8. "To Eve the Art of Witchcraft" – 5:28
9. "Of Mist and Midnight Skies" – 8:10
10. "In Secret Love We Drown" – 1:29 [instrumental]
11. "A Dream of Wolves in the Snow" – 2:10
12. "Summer Dying Fast" – 5:39
13. "Imperium Tenebrarum" – 0:49 (hidden track)

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Dusk... and Her Embrace (1996)
English
Extreme metal
 
Track listing
1. "Humana Inspired to Nightmare" – 1:23 [instrumental]
2. "Heaven Torn Asunder" – 7:06
3. "Funeral in Carpathia" – 8:24
4. "A Gothic Romance (Red Roses for the Devil's Whore)" – 8:35
5. "Malice Through the Looking Glass" – 5:30
6. "Dusk and Her Embrace" – 6:09
7. "The Graveyard by Moonlight" – 2:28 [instrumental]
8. "Beauty Slept in Sodom" – 6:32
9. "Haunted Shores" (Featuring Cronos from Venom) – 7:04

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Kamis, 21 Januari 2010

Download Anthrax Albums













Fistful of Metal (1984)
USA
Heavy metal

Track listing
1. "Deathrider" 3:30
2. "Metal Thrashing Mad" 2:39
3. "I'm Eighteen" 4:02
4. "Panic" 3:58
5. "Subjugator" 4:38
6. "Soldiers of Metal" 2:55
7. "Death from Above" 5:00
8. "Anthrax" 3:24
9. "Across the River" 1:26
10. "Howling Furies" 3:55

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Spreading the Disease (1985)
USA
Heavy metal

Track listing
1. "A.I.R." 5:45
2. "Lone Justice" 4:36
3. "Madhouse" 4:19
4. "S.S.C./Stand or Fall" 4:08
5. "The Enemy" 5:25
6. "Aftershock" 4:28
7. "Armed and Dangerous" 5:43
8. "Medusa" 4:44
9. "Gung-Ho" 4:34

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Strory Of Anthrax

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Senin, 18 Januari 2010

Download Black Sabbath Albums













Black Sabbath (1970)
English
Heavy metal

Track listing
1. "Black Sabbath" – 6:16
2. "The Wizard" – 4:24
3. "Behind the Wall of Sleep" – 3:38
4. "N.I.B." – 6:06
5. "Evil Woman" – 3:25
6. "Sleeping Village" – 3:46
7. "Warning" – 10:32

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Paranoid (1970)
English
Heavy metal

Track listing
1. "War Pigs" – 7:55
2. "Paranoid" – 2:47
3. "Planet Caravan" – 4:24
4. "Iron Man" – 5:53
5. "Electric Funeral" – 4:47
6. "Hand of Doom" – 7:07
7. "Rat Salad" – 2:29
8. "Fairies Wear Boots" – 6:13


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Short stories about Black Sabbath
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Black Sabbath

Short stories about Black Sabbath


Black Sabbath are an English rock band, formed in Birmingham in 1968 by Ozzy Osbourne (lead vocals), Tony Iommi (guitar), Terry "Geezer" Butler (bass), and Bill Ward (drums and percussion). The band has since experienced multiple lineup changes, with a total of twenty-two former members. Originally formed as a heavy blues-rock band named Earth, the band began incorporating occult- and horror-inspired lyrics with tuned-down guitars, changing their name to Black Sabbath and achieving multiple gold and platinum records in the 1970s.
As one of the first and most influential heavy metal bands of all time, Black Sabbath helped define the genre with releases such as quadruple-platinum Paranoid, released in 1970. They were ranked by MTV as the "Greatest Metal Band" of all time, and placed second in VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock" list, behind Led Zeppelin. They have sold over 15 million records in the United States alone. Rolling Stone has posited the band as 'the heavy-metal kings of the '70s'.
Vocalist Ozzy Osbourne's drinking led to his firing from the band in 1979. He was replaced by former Rainbow vocalist Ronnie James Dio. After a few albums with Dio's vocals and his songwriting collaborations, Black Sabbath endured a revolving lineup in the 1980s and 1990s that included vocalists Ian Gillan, Glenn Hughes, Ray Gillen and Tony Martin. In 1992, Iommi and Butler rejoined Dio and drummer Vinny Appice to record Dehumanizer. The original lineup reunited with Osbourne in 1997 and released a live album, Reunion. The early/mid 1980s line-up featuring Iommi, Butler, Dio, and Appice reformed in 2006 under the title, Heaven & Hell.

Formation and early days (1968–1969)
Following the breakup of their previous band Mythology in 1968, guitarist Tony Iommi and drummer Bill Ward sought to form a heavy blues band in Aston, Birmingham. The two enlisted bassist Geezer Butler and vocalist Ozzy Osbourne, who had played together in a band called Rare Breed, Osbourne having placed an advertisement in a local music shop: "Ozzy Zig requires gig- has own PA". The new group was initially named The Polka Tulk Blues Company, after an Indian clothes emporium, and also featured slide guitarist Jimmy Phillips and saxophonist Alan "Aker" Clarke. After shortening the name to Polka Tulk, the band changed their name to Earth, and continued as a four-piece without Phillips and Clarke.

Earth played club shows in England, Denmark, and Germany; their set-list consisted of cover songs by Jimi Hendrix, Blue Cheer, and Cream, as well as lengthy improvised blues jams. In December 1968, Iommi abruptly left Earth to join Jethro Tull. Although his stint with the band would be short-lived, Iommi made an appearance with Jethro Tull on the The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus TV show. Unsatisfied with the direction of Jethro Tull, Iommi returned to Earth in January 1969. "It just wasn't right, so I left", Iommi said. "At first I thought Tull were great, but I didn't much go for having a leader in the band, which was Ian Anderson's way. When I came back from Tull, I came back with a new attitude altogether. They taught me that to get on you got to work for it.
While playing shows in England in 1969, the band discovered they were being mistaken for another English group named Earth, and decided to change their name again. A movie theatre across the street from the band's rehearsal room was showing the 1963 Boris Karloff horror film Black Sabbath. While watching people line up to see the film, Butler noted that it was "strange that people spend so much money to see scary movies". Following that, Osbourne wrote the lyrics for a song called "Black Sabbath," which was inspired by the work of occult writer Dennis Wheatley, along with a vision that Butler had of a black-hooded figure standing at the foot of his bed. Making use of the musical tritone, also known as "The Devil's Interval", the song's ominous sound and dark lyrics pushed the band in a darker direction, a stark contrast to the popular music of the late 1960s, which was dominated by flower power, folk music, and hippie culture. Inspired by the new sound, the band changed their name to Black Sabbath in August 1969, and made the decision to focus on writing similar material, in an attempt to create the musical equivalent of horror films.



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Minggu, 17 Januari 2010

Story of Slayer


Slayer is an American heavy metal band from Huntington Park, California, formed in 1981. The band was founded by guitarists Jeff Hanneman and Kerry King. Slayer rose to fame with their 1986 release, Reign in Blood, which has been called "the heaviest album of all time" by Kerrang!. The band is credited as one of the "Big Four" of thrash metal, along with Metallica, Anthrax and Megadeth.
Slayer's musical traits involve fast tremolo picking, atonal guitar solos, double bass drumming, and shouting vocals. The band's lyrics and album art, which cover topics such as serial killers, Satanism, religion and warfare have generated album bans, delays, lawsuits and strong criticism from religious groups and the public.

Since their debut record in 1983, the band has released two live albums, one box set, four videos, two extended plays, and eleven studio albums, four of which have received gold certification in the United States. The band has received three Grammy nominations, winning one in 2007 for the song "Eyes of the Insane", and one in 2008 for the song "Final Six". They have headlined music festivals worldwide, including Unholy Alliance, Download and Ozzfest.


History
Early days (1981–1982)
Slayer was formed in 1981, when guitarist Kerry King met Jeff Hanneman while auditioning for a band. The two recruited bassist and vocalist Tom Araya, who had played with King before in the band Quits (previously called Tradewinds). Drummer Dave Lombardo was recruited when he met King while delivering a pizza. The band played cover versions of Iron Maiden and Judas Priest songs at clubs and parties in Southern California. Early shows relied on a Satanic image, which featured pentagrams, make-up, spikes, and inverted crosses. Rumors that the band was originally known as Dragonslayer, after the 1981 movie of the same name, were denied by King: "We never were; it's a myth to this day.


The band was offered to open for Bitch at the Woodstock Club in Los Angeles, performing eight songs — six being covers. While performing Iron Maiden's "Phantom of the Opera" the band was spotted by Brian Slagel, a former music journalist who had recently founded Metal Blade Records. Impressed with Slayer's performance, Slagel met with the band backstage and asked them to record an original song, "Aggressive Perfector" (About this sound sample (help·info)) for his upcoming Metal Massacre III compilation. The band agreed and the song created underground buzz, which led to Slagel offering the band a recording contract with Metal Blade.


Show No Mercy (1983–1984)
Without a recording budget, the band was forced to self-finance its debut album. Combining the savings of Araya, who was employed as a respiratory therapist, and money borrowed from King's father, the band entered the studio in November 1983. The album was rushed into release, hitting shelves three weeks after tracks were completed. Show No Mercy, released in December 1983 by Metal Blade Records, generated underground popularity for the band, and they began their first national club tour in 1984 to promote the album traveling in Araya's Camaro towing a U-Haul trailer. The tour gave the band additional popularity; sales of Show No Mercy reached more than 20,000 in the US and another 20,000 worldwide.

In August 1984, Slayer released a three song EP titled Haunting the Chapel. The EP featured a darker, more thrash-oriented style than its predecessor, and laid the groundwork for the future direction of the band. The opening track, "Chemical Warfare," has become a live staple, played at nearly every show since 1984. After the release of Haunting the Chapel, Slayer made its live European debut at the Heavy Sounds Festival in Belgium opening for UFO, returning to the US to begin the Haunting The West Coast tour.

Following the tour, King temporarily left Slayer to join Dave Mustaine's new band Megadeth. Hanneman was worried about King's decision, stating in an interview "I guess we’re gonna get a new guitar player." While Mustaine wanted King to stay on a permanent basis, King rejoined Slayer after five shows, stating Megadeth was "taking too much of my time." The split caused a rift between King and Mustaine, which evolved into a long running feud between the two bands. Following King's return, the band embarked on the 1984 Combat Tour, with Venom and Exodus, and released a live album titled Live Undead in November.

Hell Awaits (1985–1986)
Slayer released its first live home video in 1985, dubbed Combat Tour: The Ultimate Revenge. The video featured live footage filmed at New York's Studio 54 club, on the band's 1984 tour with Venom and Exodus. By early 1985, Show No Mercy had sold over 40,000 copies, which led to the band returning to the studio to record a second full length album. Metal Blade financed a recording budget, which allowed the band to hire producer Ron Fair.

Released in September 1985, Slayer's second full length release Hell Awaits expanded on the darkness of Haunting the Chapel, with hell and Satan as common song subjects. The album was the band's most progressive offering, featuring longer and more complex song structures. The intro is a backwards recording of a demonic-sounding voice repeating "Join us," ending with "Welcome back" before the track begins. The album was a hit, with fans choosing Slayer for best band, best live band, Hell Awaits as 1985's best album, and Dave Lombardo as best drummer in the British magazine Metal Forces' 1985 Readers Poll. Download This Album

Reign in Blood (1986–1987)
Following the success of Hell Awaits, Slayer was offered a recording contract with Russell Simmons and Rick Rubin's newly founded Def Jam Records, a largely rap-based label. The band accepted and with an experienced producer and major label recording budget, the band underwent a sonic makeover resulting in shorter, faster songs with clearer production. Gone were the complex arrangements and long songs featured on Hell Awaits, ditched in favor of stripped down, thrash metal influenced song structures.

Def Jam's distributor, Columbia Records, refused to release the album Reign in Blood due to its graphic cover art and lyrical themes. For example, "Angel of Death" detailed Holocaust concentration camps and the human experiments conducted by Nazi physician Josef Mengele. The album was distributed by Geffen Records on October 7, 1986. However, due to the controversy, Reign in Blood did not appear on Geffen Records’ release schedule. Although the album received virtually no radio airplay, it became the band's first to enter the Billboard 200, debuting at #94, and the band's first album certified gold in the United States.

In October 1986, Slayer embarked on the Reign in Pain world tour, with Overkill in the US, and Malice in Europe. The band was added as the opening act on W.A.S.P.'s US tour, but just one month in, drummer Lombardo left the band: "I wasn't making any money. I figured if we were gonna be doing this professionally, on a major label, I wanted my rent and utilities paid. To continue with the tour, Slayer enlisted Tony Scaglione of Whiplash. However, Lombardo's wife convinced Dave to return in 1987. At the insistence of Rubin, Slayer recorded a cover version of Iron Butterfly's "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida" for the film Less Than Zero. Although the band was not happy with the final product, Hanneman deeming it "a poor representation of Slayer" and King labeling it "a hunk of shit", it was one of their first songs to garner radio airplay.

South of Heaven (1988–1989)

Slayer returned to the studio to record their fourth studio album. To contrast the speed of Reign in Blood, the band consciously decided to slow down the tempos, and incorporate more melodic singing. Hanneman asserted; "We knew we couldn’t top Reign in Blood, so we had to slow down. We knew whatever we did was gonna be compared to that album, and I remember we actually discussed slowing down. It was weird—we’ve never done that on an album, before or since.
1988's South of Heaven received mixed responses from both fans and critics, although it was Slayer's most commercially successful release at the time, debuting at #57 on the Billboard 200, and the second album to receive gold certification in the United States. Press response to the album was mixed, with Allmusic citing the album as "disturbing and powerful, and Kim Nelly of Rolling Stone calling it "genuinely offensive satanic drivel". King says "that album was my most lackluster performance," although Araya called it a "late bloomer" which eventually grew on people.

Seasons in the Abyss (1990–1993)
Slayer returned to the studio with co-producer Andy Wallace in 1989, to record their fifth studio album. Following the backlash created by South of Heaven, Slayer returned to the "pounding speed of Reign in Blood", while retaining their newfound melodic sense. Seasons in the Abyss, released on October 25, 1990, was the first Slayer album to be released under Rubin's new Def American label, as he parted ways with Def Jam owner Russell Simmons over creative differences. The album debuted at #44 on the Billboard 200, and was certified gold in 1992. The title track spawned Slayer's second music video, which was filmed in front of the Giza pyramids in Egypt prior to the Gulf War.


Slayer returned as a live act in September 1990 to co-headline the European Clash of the Titans tour with Megadeth, Suicidal Tendencies, and Testament. During the sold out European leg of this tour tickets fetched up to 1,000 Deutschmark ($680 USD) on the black market. With the popularity of American thrash at its peak, the tour was extended to the US beginning in May 1991, with Megadeth, Anthrax and opening act Alice in Chains. The band released a double live album, Decade of Aggression in 1991, to celebrate ten years. The compilation debuted at #55 on the Billboard 200.

In May 1992, Lombardo quit the band due to conflicts with other members, as well as arguments over his wish to bring his wife on tour. Lombardo formed his own band Grip Inc, with Voodoocult guitarist Waldemar Sorychta, and Slayer recruited former Forbidden drummer Paul Bostaph to fill his place. Slayer made its debut appearance with Bostaph at the 1992 Monsters of Rock festival at Castle Donington. Bostaph's first studio effort was a medley of three Exploited songs, "War", "UK '82", and "Disorder", with rapper Ice T, for the Judgment Night movie soundtrack in 1993.       See all, about the slayer

Writing and style
Early works were praised for their "breakneck speed and instrumental prowess," combining the structure of hardcore tempos and speed metal the band released fast, aggressive material. The album Reign in Blood is the band's fastest, performed at an average of 220 beats per minute. The album Diabolus in Musica was the band's first with drop D tuning, God Hates Us All the first with C# tuning. Allmusic cited the album as "abandoning the extravagancies and accessibility of their late-'80s/early-'90s work and returning to perfect the raw approach", with some fans labeling it nu metal.


Hanneman and King’s dual guitar solos have been called "wildly chaotic,"and "twisted genius." Drummer Lombardo uses two bass drums, instead of the double kick which is used on a single bass drum. Lombardo's speed and aggression earned him the title of the “godfather of double bass” by Drummerworld. Lombardo states his reasons for using two bass drums: "When you hit the bass drum the head is still resonating. When you hit it in the same place right after that you kinda get a 'slapback' from the bass drum head hitting the other pedal. You're not letting them breathe." When playing the double bass Lombardo uses the "heel-up" technique.

Hanneman, King and Araya contribute to the band's lyrics, and Lombardo, King and Hanneman create the music, with assistance from Araya. Araya's first contribution to lyrical content was 1988's South of Heaven, forming a lyric writing partnership with Hanneman, which can overshadow the creative input of King. Hanneman states writing lyrics and music is a "free for all"; "It’s all just whoever comes up with what. Sometimes I’ll be more on a roll and I’ll have more stuff, same with Kerry—it’s whoever's hot, really. Anybody can write anything; if it’s good we use it, if not we don’t.

When writing new material, the band writes the music before incorporating lyrics. King or Hanneman will use a 24-track and drum machine to show band members the riff they have created, and to get their opinion. Either King, Hanneman or Lombardo will mention if any alterations can be made. The band will play the riff to get the basic song structure, and figure out where the lyrics and solos will be placed. Hanneman, King and Araya tend to have different lyrical influences. Hanneman's lyrics deal with Nazis and similar topics. King's lyrics are generally just very anti-religious. Araya's lyrics usually deal with less controversial topics than Hanneman and King such as serial killers and warfare.

Controversy
Slayer has been accused of holding Nazi sympathies, due to the band's eagle logo bearing resemblance to the Eagle atop swastika, and the lyrics of "Angel of Death. The lyrics of "Angel of Death" were inspired by the acts of Josef Mengele, the doctor who conducted human experiments on Jewish and Gypsy prisoners during World War II at the Auschwitz concentration camp, and was dubbed the "Angel of Death" by inmates. Throughout their career, the band members were asked about these accusations, and have stated numerous times they do not condone Nazism and are merely interested in the subject.

Slayer's cover of Minor Threat's "Guilty of Being White" raised questions about a possible message of white supremacy in the band's music. The controversy surrounding the cover involved the changing of the refrain "guilty of being white" to "guilty of being right," at the song's ending. This incensed Minor Threat frontman Ian MacKaye, who stated "that is so offensive to me. King said it was changed for "tongue-in-cheek" humor as he thought the allegation of racism at the time was "ridiculous.


In a 2004 interview with Araya, when asked, "Did critics realize you were wallowing in parody?", Araya replied, "No. People thought we were serious!...back then you had that PMRC, who literally took everything to heart, when in actuality you're trying to create an image. You're trying to scare people on purpose.Araya also denied rumors that Slayer members are Satanists, but they find the subject of Satanism interesting and "we are all on this planet to learn and experience.
The song "Jihad" of the album Christ Illusion sparked controversy among families of the September 11 victims. The song deals with the attack from the perspective of a religious terrorist. The band stated the song is spoken through perspective without being sympathetic to the cause, and supports neither side.[94] Seventeen bus benches promoting the album in Fullerton, California were deemed offensive by city officials. They felt the Antichrist and skull were inappropriate, and felt the name "Slayer" pertains to a murderer. City officials contacted the band's record label and demanded that the ads be removed. All seventeen benches were removed.

In India, the album was recalled by EMI India after protests with Christian religious groups due to the nature of the graphic artwork. The album cover was designed by Slayer's longtime collaborator Larry Carroll and features Christ in a "sea of despair", while having amputated arms, missing an eye, while standing in a sea of blood with severed heads. Joseph Dias of the Mumbai Christian group Catholic Secular Forum in India took "strong exception" to the original album artwork, and issued a memorandum to Mumbai's police commissioner in protest.On October 11, 2006, EMI announced that all stocks had been destroyed, noting it had no plans to re-release the record in India in the future.



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Official Site:www.slayer.net





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Story Of Anthrax


Anthrax is an American heavy metal band from New York City, formed in 1981. The band was one of the most popular of the 1980s thrash metal scene and is notable for being the first to combine heavy metal with rap music. When thrash metal began to gain a major following in the mid-late 1980s, Anthrax were dubbed one of the "big four" of thrash metal alongside Metallica, Megadeth, and Slayer.
History
Early days (1981)
Anthrax was formed in mid-1981 by guitarists Scott Ian and Danny Lilker. They found the band's name in a biology textbook and claimed it because it sounded sufficiently evil to them. John Connelly (Nuclear Assault) jammed with them a few times while trying out for the band, but never actually joined. John Connelly ended up being a roadie for the band for many of their early shows. Drummer Dave Weiss and a bassist named Kenny Kushner were other original members. Kenny Kushner was replaced very early on by Paul Kahn, who was found to be insufficient as well, so Lilker chose to take over on bass and Greg Walls joined as lead guitarist and vocalist Neil Turbin, who the band found after going through a series of temporary vocalists (including Ian's 14-year-old brother Jason). Weiss left and was replaced by Greg D'Angelo (White Lion) on drums, who left the band in spring of 1983 while recording the second demo.


Neil Turbin era (1982–1984)
Neil Turbin joined the band in late August 1982 and performed two weeks later at Great Gildersleeves on September 12, 1982. This line-up made frequent live performances in the New York/New Jersey tri-state area. The line-up recorded a NWOBHM-sounding demo in July 1982. Greg Walls left in the summer of 1983, and Bob Berry, who was recommended to Neil Turbin by Rhett Forrester of Riot, temporarily replaced him.
Lead guitarist Dan Spitz soon joined the band, replacing Bob Berry. With Spitz, the second demo was recorded. In September, Charlie Benante replaced Greg D'Angelo on drums. This lineup recorded the "Soldiers of Metal" 7" single, produced by Ross the Boss of Manowar. The B-side of this single still featured one of the old demos with Greg D'Angelo on drums, and is the only official recording to feature D'Angelo. This demo won them a recording deal with Megaforce Records. The band recorded their debut album, Fistful of Metal, in late 1983. The album reached #8 on the British Charts and garnered some international attention for Anthrax. It was released in January 1984, followed by a US tour, during which tensions grew between Danny Lilker and the rest of the band due to Lilker's non-paying of rehearsal rent, lateness, sloppiness and unprofessional demeanor.[citation needed] Lilker was released from the band and he went on to form Nuclear Assault with former Anthrax roadie John Connelly.

Charlie Benante's nephew Frank Bello replaced Lilker on bass guitar. Turbin was fired in late August 1984. Matt Fallon was a temporary replacement on vocals in late 1984. Also in late 1984, the band appeared as a four-piece, "The Diseased", with Scott Ian on vocals. They performed a few hardcore punk covers. Vocalist Joey Belladonna was hired on February 27, 1985, and an EP titled Armed and Dangerous was recorded. Some older material was added to fill out the EP including two live tracks from early 1984, and the two songs from the "Soldiers of Metal" 7". Later in 1985, Ian, Benante, and Danny Lilker appeared on the S.O.D. album Speak English or Die. Anthrax's next album, Spreading the Disease, came out in the same year followed by a US tour and a European tour supporting Metallica.

Neil Turbin formed his own band, Deathriders, in early 2003 and is touring the US and Japan in 2008 and releasing an album entitled Back With a Vengeance in 2009. He has stated that he does not want reconciliation with Scott and Charlie of Anthrax.

Joey Belladonna era (1985–1992)
Anthrax were, almost from the start, noticeable among their peers for their willingness to experiment with genre and image. During the late 1980s, the band radically departed from the "traditional" heavy metal look in favour of a brightly colored "surfer" jam shorts style of appearance. They were known for introducing a humorous side to their music, in contrast to the serious mindedness of fellow metal bands such as the other "Big Four Of Thrash": Slayer, Metallica and Megadeth.
In 1985 the band released their second studio album Spreading the Disease which contained the hit "Madhouse"; and in 1987, Anthrax released their third album, Among the Living. This album began a lyrical trend that focused on movies, comic books and Stephen King novels. All these elements would for years become typical lyrical themes Anthrax fans would come to expect. "I Am the Law" is a tribute to comic book hero Judge Dredd. "Efilnikufesin (N.F.L.)" (which, when spelled backwards, reads "nise fukin life") is about comedian John Belushi's drug addiction and death. "Indians" and the mosh pit anthem "Caught in a Mosh" are both considered Anthrax classics today. The album was dedicated to the memory of Cliff Burton, the late Metallica bass player. The band continued its success, sticking to the thrash metal genre of Among the Living on the album State of Euphoria. The single "Antisocial," originally by French heavy metal band Trust was a staple on MTV in regular rotation as well as on Headbangers Ball.

In 1989, MTV held a contest in which the winner would get to have the band come to their home and trash it. The contest was won by a female fan, and the band subsequently came to her house and caused havoc. This was the inspiration for the band's 1992 appearance on Married... with Children, where the main characters of the show win a similar television contest.

In 1990, Anthrax released the more serious Persistence of Time to even greater success than State of Euphoria. The album was considerably darker but much more technical and progressive than Anthrax's previous work. This made it a hit with metalheads who were afraid to embrace the band because of their "silly" side. The biggest single off the album was a cover of Joe Jackson's "Got the Time". Jackson himself even claimed that he enjoyed Anthrax's cover version of his song.[citation needed] The band's own original song "In My World" as well as "Belly of the Beast" were extremely and moderately successful, respectively. Anthrax was always a band prone to experimentation; in 1987, they appeared on the title track of rap group U.T.F.O.'s album Lethal. In 1991, they collaborated with pioneering rap artists Public Enemy on a joint version of PE's "Bring the Noise", although Anthrax already did a fusion of rap and heavy metal in the form of "I'm the Man" in 1987, a comedic song originally slated to be played with the Beastie Boys (although they did not actually get to play this song with Anthrax until a 1991 remake). "Bring the Noise" was a hit, and the band had a successful joint tour with Public Enemy.
[edit] John Bush era (1992–2004)

In 1992, Anthrax ended an era by parting ways with vocalist Joey Belladonna and replacing him with ex-Armored Saint vocalist John Bush. The band also left Island Records and signed with Elektra Records to release Sound of White Noise in 1993.

Though it was quite a change from their earlier work (it was more a "heavy grunge" oriented, especially because of the vocals) , White Noise received mostly positive reviews and "Only" was a major hit (in the liner notes for Return of the Killer A's, Ian says James Hetfield once told him it was a "perfect song"). Bush's voice lent a gravitas and weight to a collection of well-thought-out and technically excellent tracks. In keeping with the band's now-trademark eye for unlikely collaborations, classical composer Angelo Badalamenti provided music for the track "Black Lodge," a tribute to the TV show "Twin Peaks". Importantly, the album demonstrated that the band had shed its sometimes cartoonish outlook in favor of mature, thoughtful songwriting, a trend which had begun on their previous studio album Persistence of Time.

During the hiatus between Sound of White Noise and Stomp 442, longtime guitarist Dan Spitz left the band to quit music and become a watchmaker, leaving Anthrax as a quartet for years. In 1995, the band released Stomp 442, an album for which Elektra refused to provide real promotion—it quickly disappeared without a trace. Obviously upset at what they felt was an attempt by the label to kill the album, Anthrax attempted to sever ties with Elektra.

Anthrax signed with independent label Ignition Records, and in 1998 managed to release Volume 8: The Threat Is Real, a punishing album that had the potential to return Anthrax to the top of the metal heap. Unfortunately, almost immediately after Volume 8: The Threat Is Real's release, the label they were signed to went bankrupt and disappeared, making the album difficult to find. Regrouping, the band signed with another label, Beyond Records, and released a greatest-hits album Return of the Killer A's, although Beyond soon went out of business as well. During this period, a two-vocalist tour featuring both Joey Belladonna and John Bush was proposed and set to go, until Bush decided to pull out at the last minute.[citation needed]

During the 2001 anthrax attacks in the United States, the band altered its website to provide information about the disease, because many people had come there due to simply entering anthrax.com in their browsers. Amid what could have become a PR nightmare for the band, Anthrax issued a press release on October 10, 2001, that jokingly mentioned that they were going to change the name of the band to "something more friendly, like 'Basket Full of Puppies'." The band later put a nail in the coffin of all of the name-change rumors that erupted from the press release at the New York Steel 9/11 benefit concert in November 2001, when they took the stage wearing boiler suits with a different word on each one that, when they stood single-file in a specific order, spelled out the sentence "WE'RE NOT CHANGING OUR NAME". A picture of the band wearing the suits can be seen on the inner tray card of We've Come for You All.

Despite the hardships and various legal entanglements regarding who had the rights to certain albums, Anthrax managed to soldier on. In 2002, new lead guitarist Rob Caggiano joined the band, and the following year the band released We've Come for You All, through Sanctuary Records—an album hailed by the metal press as a long-awaited return to form.

In early 2004, the band returned to the studio to record The Greater of Two Evils—a "live in the studio" re-recording of the band's early work with the then-current lineup. Around the same time, bassist Frank Bello announced he was leaving the band to join Helmet and was replaced on tour by former Armored Saint and Fates Warning bassist Joey Vera.

Among the Living reunion (2005–2007)
On April 1, 2005, the band announced that the Among the Living lineup of Scott Ian, Charlie Benante, Dan Spitz, Joey Belladonna, and Frank Bello would be reforming. On solo-dates of the tours, for the first time ever, they performed the entire 1987 album Among the Living.

On January 24, 2007, Scott Ian posted a message to Blabbermouth.net,

Finally, we're going back to work. We're going to Chicago to work our asses off and write a record. One problem... no singer. We were offered a direct support slot on a major tour this spring and Joey [Belladonna] decided he did not want to move forward. The reunion is over. We tried to make it work but I guess that's the problem, you can't 'make' something work. My curiosity was piqued by the idea of what Anthrax would sound like now with Joey singing. Over the last few months we've discussed this endlessly to no avail. The problems that were there could not be fixed no matter how hard we tried and in the end Joey made the decision.


John Bush on returning (2007, 2009)
After the end of Anthrax's reunion tour, much speculation was cast over whether John Bush would return. Bush has stated that (as of February 7), he was not ready to commit to Anthrax again. In May 2007, Scott Ian said that the announcement of who will be singing for Anthrax would be made at the end of June, though the actual announcement didn't come until December.


In June 2007, John Bush was interviewed by Rock Hard, about being asked to return to Anthrax, and whether or not he is bitter about the reunion. He replied:

"No. Bitter is not the way I wanna be about anything. I'm not bitter at all. There was probably not a perfect way to do that, what they did. It was like, how are they gonna say...? I mean, they asked me to do it—the tour with Joey—and it just wasn't right for me, I couldn't do it. So, whatever...if they felt they had to do that, I understand. It wasn't like I was going, 'Yeah, do it. That's great.' But once it happened, I was like, 'okay.' It was like a book ended. It's okay. I mean, it's much better to look at it that way than to be angry or frustrated, 'cause I really don't feel that way."

When asked if he was approached to rejoin the band once Belladonna left the group, Bush said,

"I was asked to write, and it just wasn't right for me. I couldn't go back and say, 'Here I am...' It would be like coming in with my tail between my legs, and that's not right for me. I just couldn't do that. It just didn't feel right to do that. It was about soul, your gut. How does that feel? Does it feel right? Good enough. Sold. Answer."

John Bush did appear with Anthrax for Sonisphere 2009 festival in the UK. Due to the overwhelming fan response following John Bush's performance, a 'Bring Back Bush' campaign was set up and subsequently endorsed by Scott Ian.

On September 3, 2009, it was announced that John Bush will be yet again singing with Anthrax at the Loud Park '09 Festival in Japan on October 17, 2009.

Anthrax with John Bush on vocals are also scheduled to take part in the February 2010, 5-show touring Soundwave 2010 festival in Australia. While details still aren't clear as to whether or not Bush's membership in the band is permanent, drummer Charlie Benante has said that the band is "in the process of regrouping with John Bush. We played two shows with him, and we are looking forward to proceeding with this lineup." Anthrax has also confirmed a "big 4 tour" (with Metallica, Megadeth, and Slayer). This will be the first time that all four bands have played together.

Dan Nelson era (2007–2009)
On December 10, 2007, it was announced the band's new vocalist would be Dan Nelson, formerly of Devilsize. Around the same time, it was confirmed that Rob Caggiano would return as lead guitarist.

On May 28, 2008 Anthrax played their first show in 19 months at The Double Door in Chicago. Along with new singer Dan Nelson, the band played new material which was well received by the sold-out crowd. This was despite having some equipment problems—which the band took in stride with the classic humor for which they are known.

Also with singer Dan Nelson, Anthrax played Korea for the first time on August 17, 2008.

In his monthly Food Coma column, which was posted on December 22, 2008, Anthrax's Scott Ian revealed that he'd "been in the studio working on the new Anthrax album since November 4." Ian went on to say that drums, bass and rhythm had been laid down on a total of 19 tracks, and that the process of laying down vocals had begun. "We should be mixing at the end of January and soon after that giving birth to a really pissed off, loud, fast and heavy child." In a subsequent May 2009 Food Coma column, Scott announced that the album was being mixed by Dave Fortman whose previous credits include both of Evanescence's multi-platinum selling albums and Slipknot's fourth studio album titled All Hope Is Gone. In a post to the Anthrax website, Charlie Benante stated that "Worship Music should be out in May".

On Saturday March 7, 2009 Anthrax played Bogota, Colombia for the first time in their career, opening for Iron Maiden.

On July 21, 2009 Anthrax's manager, Izvor Zivkovic, confirmed the departure of Dan Nelson, due to an as yet unspecified illness, which Nelson has since denied, saying: "I was never seriously ill or sick at all, as reported in Anthrax’s 7/17/09 press release. This extremely inflammatory statement hurt me tremendously. This statement misled fans, friends and family members into believing that I was seriously ill when I was not. I was not aware such a statement was being issued and it came as a total shock to me, as I’m sure it did to all of you. It was the other band members’ decision to cancel the tour dates, not mine. I was ready, willing and able to do my job. After issuing the press release the other band members decided, on their own accord, that I had 'resigned' from the band. I never resigned from the band.

Side projects
Several members have launched affiliated side projects, such as Scott Ian's project with Anthrax drummer Charlie Benante, original Anthrax bassist/lead guitarist Danny Lilker and Billy Milano called Stormtroopers of Death. After leaving Anthrax, Joey Belladonna began a series of solo albums, Belladonna, Spells of Fear, and 03, and John Bush is involved with his former band Armored Saint and original Anthrax vocalist Neil Turbin has been touring Japan, Europe, Mexico and US with his band Deathriders and recording their debut album "Back With A Vengeance" slated for release in 2009.

Guest musicians
A number of Anthrax albums have featured guests, most notably Dimebag Darrell, who appeared on "King Size" and "Riding Shotgun" from Stomp 442; "Inside Out" and "Born Again Idiot" from Volume 8: The Threat Is Real; and "Strap It On" and "Cadillac Rock Box" from We've Come for You All. Vocalist Roger Daltrey of The Who has also appeared on the band's We've Come for You All disc, providing backing vocals for "Taking the Music Back". Phil Anselmo of Pantera appears on Volume 8: The Threat Is Real, on the song "Killing Box." Public Enemy worked with Anthrax on a metal version of, "Bring the Noise" from Public Enemy's album "It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back".



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Extreme metal


Extreme metal is an umbrella term, somewhat loosely defined, for a number of related heavy metal subgenres that have developed since the 1980s. Though the term does not refer to any specific style or sound, it most commonly refers to music associated with thrash metal, black metal, death metal, and doom metal.
Though not well-known to mainstream music fans, extreme metal has influenced an array of musical performers inside and outside of heavy metal, and thrives in various devoted subcultures.

Definitions
"Extreme" can be meant to describe any of the following traits: music (whether it's intended to be faster, more aggressive, abrasive or "heavier" than other metal styles), lyrics (dealing with darker, more sensational topics and themes), vocals (which often use guttural, harsh or abrasive singing), or appearance and stage demeanor (using corpse paint, Satanic or occult imagery). The "extreme" label is most commonly applied to bands whose music is extreme; for example, few would consider Kiss or Alice Cooper to be extreme metal, though they could be considered to employ "extreme" elements in their appearance and stage demeanor for their time.

According to ethnographer Keith Kahn-Harris, the defining characteristics of extreme metal can all be regarded as clearly transgressive: the "extreme" traits noted above are all intended to violate or transgress given cultural, artistic, social or aesthetic boundaries.

Given the vagueness of existing definitions and considering the limitations such definitions have, there are many artists for whom the usage of the term "extreme metal" is a subject of debate. However, Kahn-Harris also notes that many musicians and fans see such debates over style and genre as useless and unnecessary, or at least as given undue attention.

Characteristics

Structure

Though songs in traditional heavy metal may be louder, harsher or more abrasive than rock music in general, the underlying elements of melody, harmony and rhythm are generally similar to those in rock and pop music. Conventional melodies – one of the key elements of popular music – are often of limited importance in extreme metal, if not absent entirely, although chord progressions are still present and important. Extreme metal songs rarely have the central focus of a melodic "pop hook," and when present, melodic elements more typically provide an instrumental backdrop rather than a central focus.Vocals
One of the more apparent characteristics of extreme metal is the vocals. Extreme metal singing includes various extended techniques; from harsh, guttural death growls (characteristic of death metal) to high-pitched shrieking (characteristic of black metal). Thrash metal vocalists commonly employ a harsh or shouted vocal style. Extreme metal vocalists can use one or more techniques, and some bands have multiple singers.

Tempo

Extreme metal is also characterized by its unusual tempo, which may range from very fast-paced –thrash, death and black metal can occasionally approach the extraordinary range of 300 beats per minute–to the extremely slow, as in funeral doom and drone doom. Drummers often utilize double-kick, double bass and blast beats, though not all make use of these techniques. Kahn-Harris notes that many extreme metal drummers take great pride in creating and playing drum patterns that are complex and demanding.

Guitars

Guitars in extreme metal are commonly distorted to create a thick or abrasive tone. Guitars are frequently tuned below the standard E: thrash metal and black metal guitarists usually tune a half or a whole-step down, while death metal and doom metal often tune even lower. Seven-string guitars (rather than the more common six-string guitars) are not unusual in extreme metal, particularly in death and doom metal. Kahn-Harris notes that extreme metal tends to defy the "riff-guitar solo" paradigm of heavy metal: Guitar solos are often of less importance in extreme metal than in other metal styles, and the chord progressions (or "riffs") in extreme metal are often unusual, complex and demanding.

History

Below is a basic summary explaining how the three primary extreme metal genres evolved:
  • Heavy metal (late 1960s)
     
  • New Wave of British Heavy Metal (late 1970s)
     
  • Speed metal (early 1980s)
     
  • Thrash metal (early 1980s)

  • Black metal, Death metal (mid-late 1980s)

Origins (1970s)


Heavy metal music was developed in the late 1960s as a louder, more emphatic form of blues-rock. Heavy metal pioneers like Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin and Deep Purple all had strong roots in blues-roc, and although heavy metal was harder and louder than its predecessor, it retained a strong blues feel. A noted precursor to extreme metal, Budgie, "was among the heaviest metal of its day".
However, by the late 1970s, some heavy metal musicians were drifting away from the genre's blues roots. The most notable development was the so-called "New Wave of British Heavy Metal" (NWOBHM), which included groups like Iron Maiden, Saxon and Motörhead. These bands toned down the blues elements of earlier acts, increased the tempo, and adopted a harsher, tougher sound inspired by punk rock.

Early development (early 1980s)

The NWOBHM group Venom are widely considered one of the more important groups in the creation of extreme metal. Though critics have often characterized Venom's musicianship as mediocre or worse,the band was nonetheless influential. Their songs were among the fastest of their era, with harsh vocals and blatantly Satanic imagery. Their albums Welcome to Hell (1981) and Black Metal (1982) are regarded as foundational influences on extreme metal. Venom's members also adopted stage names intended to help create a menacing and mysterious persona. Though the practice is not universal, many extreme metal musicians have similarly adopted stage names, especially in black metal.

The early 1980s saw the development of speed metal and thrash metal, two distinct but nonetheless closely related styles that both drew influence from punk rock (particularly the emphasis on very fast tempos, 2/4 or implied 2/4 time, and brief songs found in hardcore punk). The "big four" of thrash metal (the American groups Anthrax, Megadeth, Slayer and Metallica) proved that extreme metal was a commercially viable force.

Diversification (mid 1980s–present)

According to Kahn-Harris, the mid-to-late 1980s saw vital new developments: death metal and grindcore. Both genres are partly distinguished by their use of blast beats, down-tuned electric guitars and growled vocals. At the beginning of the 1990s, the Norwegian black metal scene emerged, which helped to define black metal as a distinct genre.

Extreme metal earned an unprecedented level of international mainstream attention in the early and mid-1990s. Pioneering record label Earache Records, for example, signed a distribution deal with major label Columbia Records. However, much of the attention towards extreme metal was negative and focused on arsons on Christian churches and murders associated with the early Norwegian black metal scene.



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Deathcore


Deathcore is an amalgamation of two musical styles: metalcore and death metal.
Characteristics
Deathcore is heavily influenced by modern death metal in its speed, heaviness, and approach to chromatic, heavily palm muted riffing and dissonance. Traditional growls, and screaming are prevalent, and sometimes metalcore yelling or shouting vocals are included. Much of deathcore features breakdowns and melodic riffs common in metalcore.

History

Though an early hybrid of death metal and crossover thrash was practiced by Michigan's Repulsion, New York death metal veterans Suffocation and Maryland's Dying Fetus were among the first death metal groups to make the breakdown a staple in their music. Additionally, the straight edge hardcore group Earth Crisis borrowed a great deal from death metal, as did Converge and Hatebreed. Before the rise of deathcore, bands such as Abscess and Unseen Terror used the term to describe hardcore punk/death metal hybrids. Germany's Blood also released a 1986 demo entitled Deathcore, while another German group, formed in 1987 and related to Blood, used "Deathcore" as a band name.


Deathcore seems to have most prominence within the southwestern United States, especially Arizona and California (most notably the Coachella Valley), which are home to many notable bands and various festivals.

Band
Country
 Formed
The Acacia Strain
USA
2001
A Different Breed of Killer
USA
2006
The Agonist
Canada
2004
The Agony Scene
USA
2001
All Shall Perish
USA
2002
Animosity
USA
2000
Arsonists Get All the Girls
USA
2005
As Blood Runs Black
USA
2004
Asesino
USA
2002
The Black Dahlia Murder
USA
2000
Born of Osiris
USA
2007
Bring Me the Horizon
UK
2004
Burning Skies
UK
2002
Caliban
Germany
1997
Carnifex
USA
2005
The Concubine
USA
2003
Cryptopsy
Canada
1988
Dance Club Massacre
USA
2004
Dead Man in Reno
USA
2003
Despised Icon
Canada
2002
Elysia
USA
2003
Emmure
USA
2003
Eternal Lord
UK
2005
Frontside
Poland
1993
Glass Casket
USA
2001
God Forbid
USA
1997
Heaven Shall Burn
Germany
1997
Job for a Cowboy
USA
2002
Killwhitneydead
USA
2001
Knights of the Abyss
USA
2005
Malefice
UK
2003
Maroon
Germany
1998
Mendeed
UK
2000
Molotov Solution
USA
2004
Mortal Treason
USA
2001
My Bitter End
USA
2002
Nights Like These
USA
2003
Oceano
USA
2006
The Red Chord
USA
1999
The Red Death‎
USA
2002
The Red Shore
Australia
2004
Rose Funeral
USA
2005
Salt the Wound
USA
2001
See You Next Tuesday
USA
2005
Shot Down Sun
USA
2001
Suicide Silence
USA
2002
Through the Eyes of the Dead
USA
2002
Whitechapel
USA
2006
Winds of Plague
USA
2002

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Sabtu, 16 Januari 2010

Metalcore


Metalcore is a fusion genre incorporating elements of hardcore punk and extreme metal. The name is a portmanteau of hardcore punk and heavy metal. The term took on its current meaning in the mid-1990s, describing bands like Earth Crisis, Deadguy and Integrity. The earliest of these groups, Integrity, began performing in 1988. Metalcore is distinguished from other punk metal fusions by its emphasis on breakdowns: slower, intense passages conducive to moshing.
History
Precursors (1977–1984)
Main article: Hardcore punk
Black Flag and Bad Brains, among the originators of hardcore, admired and emulated Black Sabbath. British street punk groups such as Discharge and The Exploited also took inspiration from heavy metal. The Misfits put out the Earth A.D. album, becoming a crucial influence on thrash. Nonetheless, punk and metal cultures and music remained separate through the first half of the 1980s.

Crossover thrash (1984–1988)
Main article: Crossover thrash
Cross-pollination between metal and hardcore eventually birthed the crossover thrash scene, which gestated at a Berkeley club called Ruthie's, in 1984. The term "metalcore" was originally used to refer to these crossover groups. Hardcore punk groups Corrosion of Conformity, Dirty Rotten Imbeciles and Suicidal Tendencies played alongside thrash metal groups like Metallica and Slayer. This scene influenced the skinhead wing of New York hardcore, which also began in 1984, and included groups such as Cro-Mags, Murphy's Law, Agnostic Front and Warzone. The Cro-Mags were among the most influential of these bands, drawing equally from Bad Brains, Motörhead, and Black Sabbath. Cro-Mags also embraced straight edge and, surprisingly enough, Krishna consciousness. Other New York straight edge groups included Gorilla Biscuits, Crumbsuckers, and Youth of Today, who inaugurated the youth crew style. 1985 saw the development of the hardcore breakdown, an amalgamation of Bad Brains' reggae and metal backgrounds, which encouraged moshing. Agnostic Front's 1986 album Cause for Alarm, a collaboration with Peter Steele, was a watershed in the intertwining of hardcore and metal.

Metallic hardcore (1989–2000)
Between 1989 and 1995, a new wave of hardcore bands emerged. These included Integrity, Earth Crisis, Converge, Shai Hulud,Starkweather, Judge, Bloodlet, Strife, Rorschach, Cave In, Vision of Disorder Hatebreed, and Candiria. Integrity drew influence primarily from the Japanese hardcore terrorism of G.I.S.M. and the metal of Slayer, with more subtle elements of Septic Death, Samhain, Motörhead, and Joy Division. And Earth Crisis, Converge, and Hatebreed borrowed from death metal. Shai Hulud's Hearts Once Nourished with Hope and Compassion and Earth Crisis's 1995 album Destroy the Machines was particularly influential. In guitarist Scott Crouse's words,
“It was a very mixed reaction. I'm often quoted as saying that Earth Crisis was the first hardcore band with a metal sound. Of course we weren't the first, but I think we definitely took it to another level. We heard a lot of, 'These guys are trying to be Pantera,' which we all took as a great compliment."
Biohazard, Coalesce, and Overcast were also important early metalcore groups. These groups are sometimes referred to as "metallic hardcore".

Melodic metalcore (1997–present)
In the late 1990s, a third wave of metalcore groups appeared, who placed significantly greater emphasis on melody.The First metalcore band to have such elements was Zao then later on such bands as Unearth, Bullet for My Valentine, Killswitch Engage, Trivium (early), Shadows Fall, All That Remains, Underoath and Atreyu emerged and are now the most commercially successful practitioners of metalcore.

Other notable metalcore bands include Haste the Day, Darkest Hour, Caliban, Bleeding Through, August Burns Red, Demon Hunter, It Dies Today, The Devil Wears Prada , and The Autumn Offering. These groups took major influence, cues, and writing styles from melodic death metal bands, particularly In Flames and At the Gates. Melodic metalcore frequently makes use of clean vocals, and is significantly less dissonant than other metalcore. Some of these groups, such as Shadows Fall, have voiced an affection for '80s glam metal. Melodic metalcore groups have been described as "embrac[ing] '80s metal clichés", such as "inordinate amounts of smoke machines, rippin' solos, [and] three bass drums".

In the mid-2000s, Metalcore emerged as a commercial force, with several independent metal labels, including Century Media and Metal Blade, signing metalcore bands. By 2004, melodic metalcore had become popular enough that Killswitch Engage's The End of Heartache, and Shadows Fall's The War Within debuted at numbers 21 and 20, respectively, on the Billboard album chart. All That Remains' single "Two Weeks" peaked at number nine at the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart in the U.S. The song peaked on the Modern Rock Tracks chart at number 38. Welsh metalcore band Bullet for My Valentine's second album, Scream Aim Fire, went straight to #4 on the Billboard 200. Underoath's fifth album Define the Great Line, released in 2006, peaked at #2 on the Billboard 200 charts, selling 98,000 copies in its first week. Hatebreed, God Forbid, and As I Lay Dying have also charted. Underoath's most recent album Lost in the Sound of Separation has reached #8 on the Billboard 200 and has sold 56,000 copies in its first week of sales in the U.S. alone. Killswitch Engage's self-titled fifth album has reached #7 on the Billboard 200.


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Nu metal


Nu metal is a genre of music that blends heavy metal elements with other styles, such as hip hop and grunge.

Origins
The term "nu metal" was first used for a review of a mid-October 1995 Coal Chamber concert in Spin magazine in the form "new metal". The considerations on "nu metal" vs. "new metal" are present at the end of the "Get Thrashed" movie.
Like the bands of its antecedent, funk metal, many nu metal bands came from California (such as Korn, Deftones and P.O.D.).

Nu metal initially began with Korn's demo-tape, Neidermeyer's Mind, released in 1993. Korn's signature sound came from an attempt to emulate chords used by Mr. Bungle's guitar player Trey Spruance, which they referred to as "the moveable Bungle chord". They have also cited Mike Patton's other band Faith No More in Kerrang!'s The Greatest Videos of All Time in 2006, saying that Korn was influenced by them because they did something unusual with a metal band. Nu metal bands also often state more conventional metal acts as an influence, particularly Black Sabbath.

Korn use 7-string guitars over traditional 6-string guitars. Steve Vai had originally introduced them onto the market for technical guitar players. Munky, the guitarist from Korn, was not a technical player so he decided to take the 7-string guitar in a different direction.

Producer Ross Robinson was labelled by some as "The Godfather of nu metal" due to his producing of successful nu metal albums, such as Korn's first album.

Mainstream popularity
Nu metal's mainstream popularity came in 1998 with the success of Korn's third album Follow the Leader, which sold 9 million copies worldwide. The following year many bands began receiving airplay and were in heavy rotation on MTV. Bands whose albums became hits that year included Coal Chamber, Limp Bizkit and Staind.

Many of the bands that formed the first wave of nu metal came out of the Los Angeles scene, many playing the same venues and all knowing of each other. That scene included Static-X, Coal Chamber, and Spineshank. There were other bands from outside of L.A, such as Des Moines's Slipknot, Atlanta's Sevendust, Jacksonville's Limp Bizkit, Chicago's Disturbed, Phoenix's Soulfly and Lawrence, Massachusetts' Godsmack.

Another contribution to nu metal's popularity was festival tours such as Family Values Tour, Lollapalooza and Ozzfest. The 30th anniversary of Woodstock also featured nu metal bands.


Through the turn of the century, more bands broke out like Linkin Park whose debut album "Hybrid Theory" became a platinum hit and Papa Roach whose major label debut Infest also became a platinum hit. Other bands like P.O.D. and Disturbed also had mainstream success. By 2001, nu metal reached its peak as record labels signed many nu metal bands. Though new bands were breaking out, established bands who helped start the genre had successful hit albums like Staind's Break the Cycle, P.O.D.'s Satellite, Slipknot's Iowa.

By 2002, signs that nu metal's mainstream popularity was dying down were apparent. Korn's long awaited fifth album Untouchables, Linkin Park's "Meteora" and Papa Roach's third album Lovehatetragedy did not sell as well as their previous albums. Nu metal bands became less played on rock radio stations and MTV began focusing on pop punk and emo bands. Since then, some bands have changed their sound to hard rock, alternative rock or alternative metal.

Musical traits
Nu metal bands often feature aggressive vocals ranging from melodic singing, guttural screaming, and shouting from various forms of metal, hardcore punk, and like funk metal; rapping is sometimes used.


Korn's Jonathan Davis, Linkin Park's Mike Shinoda and Chester Bennington, Chevelle's Pete Loeffler, Slipknot's Corey Taylor, Taproot's Stephen Richards, Disturbed's David Draiman and Limp Bizkit's Fred Durst have all cited Maynard James Keenan's signature style as their main influence, with Durst also calling the band Tool both his biggest musical influence and favorite band. Mike Patton of Faith No More is also credited for vocally influencing nu metal.

Nu metal bass parts are often reminiscent of hip hop or funk grooves, and in some songs, slap bass technique is used. The bass in nu metal is occasionally the driving force behind the music. Many nu metal bassists use 5-string over 4-string bass guitars.

Many nu metal bands feature a DJ for additional rhythmic instrumentation (such as music sampling, scratching and electronic backgrounds). Examples of nu metal DJs include Frank Delgado of Deftones, Sid Wilson of Slipknot, Mr. Hahn of Linkin Park, and DJ Lethal of Limp Bizkit.




Thanks To: Wikipedia.org
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